Reason in Science

By: George Santayana

Price: $500.00

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In the opening pages of this volume, Santayana declares- "Science has flourished only twice in recorded times, once for three hundred years in ancient Greece and again for the same period in modern Christendom. In antiquity, men of science were philosophers: each began not where his predecessors had ended but at the beginning." Authority in scientific matters, he finds, clung chiefly to Plato and Aristotle. At its birth, Santayana tells the reader, science discovered the earth's roundness, the motion of the sun, the laws of mechanics, the development and application of algebra, the invention of calculus. It made a hundred steps forward in various disciplines. Plato taught that all science is universal. Following Plato's lead, Santayana comments, "Laws formulated by science, i.e. the relation of fact and fact, are more real than the facts themselves, because they are more permanent, trustworthy and pervasive. Gravitation and natural selection, for example, are schemes of relationships and possess only a Platonic sort of reality." The least artificial extension of common knowledge is history. History is nothing but assisted and recorded memory. There would be no science at all if memory and faith in memory failed. We must trust experience, present and past, before we proceed to expand upon it. Most facts known to men are reached by inference. The profit in studying history lies in understanding what has happened, in perceiving the principles and laws that govern social interaction. But there are no historical laws that are not at bottom physical.

Title: Reason in Science

Author Name: George Santayana

Categories: Philosophy, Signed,

Edition: 1st Edition

Publisher: New York, Charles Scribner's Sons: 1906

Binding: Hardcover

Book Condition: Very Good

Jacket Condition: No Jacket

Type: Book

Inscription: Signed George Santayana

Seller ID: vbb57

Keywords: Moral Philosophy Signed Classic Literature